Madhubani art (or Mithila painting) is a style of Indian painting, practised in the Mithila region of the Indian subcontinent. This painting is done with a variety of tools, including fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens, and matchsticks and using natural dyes and pigments. It is characterised by its eye-catching geometrical patterns. There is ritual content for particular occasions, such as birth or marriage, and festivals, such as Holi, Surya Shasti, Kali Puja, Upanayana, and Durga Puja.
Madhubani the painting also referred to as Mithila Art (as it flourishes in the Mithila region of Bihar), is characterized by line drawings filled in by bright colours and contrasts or patterns.
Traditionally, the painting was one of the skills that were passed down from generation to generation in the families of the Mithila region, mainly by women. Madhubani art has five distinctive styles: Bharni, Kachni, Tantrik, Godna and Kohbar.
Madhubani paintings use two-dimensional imagery, and generally, no space is left empty; the gaps are filled with paintings of flowers, animals, birds, and even geometric designs.