Vishnu is known as “The Preserver” within the Trimurti, the Hindu trinity that includes Brahma and Shiva. In Vaishnavism tradition, Vishnu is the supreme being who creates, protects and transforms the universe. In the Shaktism tradition, the Goddess, or Devi, is described as one of the supreme, yet Vishnu is revered along with Shiva and Brahma. A goddess is stated to be the energy and creative power (Shakti) of each, with Lakshmi the equal complementary partner of Vishnu. He is one of the five equivalent deities in Panchayatana puja of the Smarta tradition of Hinduism.
MahaVishnu (‘Great Vishnu’)—also known as Kāraṇodakaśāyī Viṣṇu—is another important name that denotes his being the source and creator of the multiverse as the total material energy (mahat-tattva).
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